Kicker: OPINION (MINIMUM WAGE) The Raise of Minimum Wage Who is it for? By Dong- wook Kim, Editor firstname.lastname@example.org Due to the fourth pandemic, the sales damages are inherited to not only self-employers but to the students who are looking for part-time positions. The movement of self-employers is extraordinary. Reducing labor costs is unavoidable since the minimum wage in 2022 has been confirmed at 9,160 won. Increasing the minimum wage is expected to affect self-employers and students economically. What is the purpose of increasing the minimum wage? What are the side effects of this decision? What is a Minimum Wage System? Minimum wage system is a system for protecting low-wage workers. Some non-regular workers fail to receive a decent amount of wage. The government intervenes in the process to set the minimum wage between the labor and the management. This system stabilizes workers’ lives and improves the quality of the workforce to contribute to the sound development of the national economy. The policy leads to avoid competitive approaches based on low wages and promote fair competition between the companies by requiring proper wages to be paid. Current State of the Minimum Wage System Ranking of OECD Countries by National Minimum Wage (Unit: USD) As of 2020, the minimum wage was 8,590 won. However, from 2021 this year, it has increased 1.5% year-on-year to 8,720 won. The increase of the minimum wage seems to show a right upward graph as the years go by. However, Korea’s minimum wage is lower than other OECD countries. The OECD recommends a minimum wage of 50% of the average wage for all workers. Compared to OECD data, the minimum wage of 8,590 won decided by the minimum wage commission recently is ranked 12th behind Spain. If the government set the wage to 10,000 won, it is estimated to rank ninth, between the United Kingdom and Canada. The Irony of the Workers Against the Rising Wage According to the Korea Federation of Small and Medium Business, they held a survey of about seven hundred job seekers on the 2022 minimum wage. Surprisingly, 63.8% answered that the wage should be the same or lower than 2021. By age group, those in their 60s and older were the highest at 80.8%, followed by those in their 20s at 67.3% and those in their 30s at 64.4%. Common sense would be a 100% agreement for the workers if there is a raise. However, job seekers’ response to next year’s minimum wage hike appears to be based on the judgment that the rise of the wage will not make self-employed people look for a part time job. Workers Protesting about the Rising Minimum Wage Increase or decrease in employment of low-wage workers when wage is increased by 1% Size Industry Classification Ratio Classification Ratio Less than five -9.25 Mining -13.89 5~29 -2.05 Wholesale -11.68 30~299 -2.39 Financial -7.35 More than 300 2.30 etc. -0.60 It is the same case with the regular workers. Jobs are estimated to be reduced if there is a rise of minimum wage. According to this chart that explains the increase or decrease in the employment of workers, the low-wage jobs with less than five people will cut about 9% of the current employers. If the minimum wage is raised by 1%, the mining industry will cut 13.9% of its employers, while wholesale and financial insurance industries will cut 7.4%, respectively. To summarize, the steeper the minimum wage rises, the greater the effect of employment reduction happens. Before the job seekers get paid more, the reality is that they are having a hard time getting a job or laid off in their jobs. Government Support for Self-Employers: Pie in the Sky You may ask what is the relationship between the government support and the minimum wage? The self-employers are not fully responsible for the rising minimum wage. There is some governmental support for self-employers and for even medium-sized businesses. The government has decided to provide government subsidies maximum of 130,000 won per worker per month to medium-sized businesses and small businesses with less than 30 employees which will be burdened by the minimum wage hike next year. According to the Ministry of Strategy and Finance, about three million workers across the country are expected to benefit. Critics criticize that this is an infinite loop to avoid criticism. If there is a raise, the government will support more workers. But where does the money come from? In the end, the taxes that the employer pay will cover the budget to support themselves. In the Long Run, Inflation It is true that the raise of the minimum wage will stimulate the consumption of low-income workers in the short term, but in the long run, it will lead to inflation. One of the analysts in a securities company analyzed the relationship between the price stimulation and income. It has been confirmed that households receiving the minimum wage had less consumption expenditure. On the other hand, the household with the increased income spent more money. As earned income increases, consumption is significantly increased. At the same time, the higher income elasticity of consumption of households not affected by the minimum wage can also be identified. Thus, in order to expand overall consumption, it is interpreted that the increase rate of ordinary wages should be raised rather than just raising the minimum wage. The more it is worth compared to the figure of labor, the better. However, if it is somewhat beyond the threshold, everyone in society can have a crisis together. The same is true of the minimum wage hike. The raise of the wage is not necessarily good for the self-employed, but also for the workers as the majority of the opposition comes from the latter. Setting wages in consideration of prices and the economic situation should be carried out carefully. Sources: https://www.donga.com/news/Society/article/all/20200715/101971077/1 https://www.hani.co.kr/arti/society/labor/923223.html https://www.donga.com/news/Economy/article/all/20210713/107936116/1 https://www.investopedia.com/terms/i/inflation.asp
Kicker: OPINION Driving Through Roadblocks Deployed on Vehicle Electrification Roadmap Electric cars suddenly became a real deal within years Do-Hyuk Kim, Cub Reporter email@example.com A decade ago, movies dreaming about near future always featured all electric vehicles everywhere. Alongside flying spacesuit and all-digital world, electric cars possessed their own position in post-2050 cliché. Despite this consistent existence in cinema, electric cars were considered product of tomorrow or incomplete form of substitutional vehicle in real life. Nissan Leaf, which was introduced in 2010, boasted mind-blowing range of up to 113 kilometers, and required 10 hours to fill up for that kind of pathetic range. Everyone thought pure electricity can’t make the car ‘work’, but that’s the story until now. Recently launched Hyundai’s IONIQ 5 claims-by Hyundai-429 kilometers of range and can fill up it’s juice to 100 percent in 40 minutes. Blimey, the technological advancement achieved by electric cars are truly astonishing. But there is still some problems which come from both electric car itself and social infrastructure. Abnormal climate already taking place on earth, importance of eradicating emission-related problems have become urgent than ever. Is there any way to rapidly increase electric car’s market share? Let’s find out. Range of Electric Cars: Is That Really a Big Deal? Most people who aren’t experienced electric cars are worried about their maximum range by a single charge. Electric cars with small battery come with range that sounds pitiful, but most popular ones come with reasonable maximum range of 400 kilometers. I know that unlike internal combustion powered cars which can fill up anytime when gauge reaches empty at any petrol station, electric cars can’t be used from absolutely no charge to full, since charging spots are limited, but most travel of ordinary people doesn’t extend more than 200 kilometers. That means driving an electric car with maximum range of 400 kilometers – which there are plenty even in Korea – you can come back home without a single charge. Of course, this is based on driving style that’s not exuberant and on warm day for battery to display its full performance, but it’s not a bad figure at all. Also, since Korea is a small nation, travelling distance in three figures means using motorway, and you can charge for ten or twenty minutes and you’re ready to come back home after reaching destination. Latest electric cars like Hyundai’s IONIQ 5, Mercedes-Benz’s EQA and Porsche’s Taycan all support super-fast charging showing up to 150 kilowatt of charging speed. This means you can charge from 20 percent to 80 percent in around 20 minutes. You can plug in your electric car at charging station in rest area and go to loo or fetch a cup of coffee and charging is already done. Based on my electric car driving experience, charging speed is all that matters. Despite this fact, most people fear electric cars having short maximum range and experiencing inconvenience while waiting my car to fill up sufficiently. To repel fear derived from stereotypes of people, this fact should be more advertised. Ministry of Environment should point out this factor of electric cars do make sense today, but it’s not being done. Biggest Obstacle of Purchasing Electric Car Is By Far the Price Imagine you’re about to buy a new car, and what aspect of the vehicle you might consider most? I am definitely sure that pricing of the car determines whether you’re going to make a purchase or not. Actually, this attitude belongs to all products, but pricing of the car is more important for consumers since its price range is higher than any other industrial product beside house. Would you buy electric car for the sake of saving our planet paying double the price of the same car? Most people definitely won’t. Model with Internal Combustion Engine of Hyundai’s Kona’s price start from under twenty million won, while BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle) model of the same car costs more than twice that. This is due to the expensive price of the battery, which accounts for nearly half of the extremely high price of an electric car. To resolve this issue, each nations’ government is giving subsidies for electric car consumers to drive electric car’s market share, and it worked well until now. Government-provided subsidy charged on electric cars is dropping year by year, already declined under ten million won, and is soon going to reach few pence within years. Government’s policy is to support maximum number of buyers who order their new electric car, not drag new consumers into electric car world. This means electric car’s price will stay high for upcoming years, unlike EU where electric car sales are strong. Abnormal climate changes genuinely are sinking into entire earth’s population, and Korea suffered from strong local precipitation during entire summer this year. Reducing emissions’ importance is higher than ever. We really need to get radical and start changing in big numbers, so is there any solution to pump up electric car market share? Can Electric Car Still Make Sense? First solution I suppose is making non-electric cars inefficient to run. People normally consider car’s price as a key factor of purchasing a vehicle, but they also consider how much will it cost to run while owning the car. Electric cars benefit from this factor, since charging an electric car is much cheaper than filling up at the pump in petrol station. But since price gap between electric cars and internal combustion engine powered car is so big, and charging fee of an electric car has risen within years, it’s hard to justify spending extra cash on an electric car. Current charging fee of electric car is 292 won per kilowatt-hour on rapid charger, and conventional electric cars nowdays have batteries bigger than 60 kilowatt-hour, so calculation tells electric cars costs around twenty-thousand won per 300 ~ 400 kilometers. This is near half of what petrol-powered conventional saloon car’s running costs. This is not enough to get return of massive price gap by saving running costs during car ownership. Simple solution to this is to impose much more tax on gas for ruining the environment. Gas prices currently consist a lot of tax, which is almost half of what we see in petrol stations. Also, every car owner of Korea should pay annual tax depending on how big is the engine installed on their car, currently 200 won per cubic centimeter (cc). Bigger internal combustion engine means bigger emission figure, so imposing more tax per cubic centimeter make sense. My opinion is to elevate this tax rate to 500 won per cubic centimeter. This will result Hyundai’s Sonata 2.0 – which is considered as a standard vehicle in Korea – owners pay one million won every year owning it, skyrocketing from current four-hundred thousand won. Imposing more tax on these points will make each refuel and ownership itself way more burden than now how internal combustion powered car owners feel, and they would naturally switch to electric cars for easing the strain. More tax will increase tax revenue of government for few years, so the central government can extend subsidy for an electric car purchase. Best of both worlds. Electric Car Only Promotion Should Be On Its Way Faster Second solution coming up is give electric car buyers more merit they can actually feel. Electric cars can use motorway for half the price of internal combustion engined cars do, which is until 2022. Korea’s electric car occupancy of the road is still below EU and China, so it’s premature to end it next year. Government should designate hard-to-reach target of electric car’s market share and constantly provide this benefit until Korea successfully reach the target. Electric cars can also use public car parks for half the price, but that’s quite beneficial to residents of Seoul only. Residents living in major cities of other provinces are not compelled to use public car parks since they have loads of free space to leave their cars behind. My suggestion is that government force Ministry of Environment to quickly install charging stations in every single public car park, so electric car owners can conveniently charge up and get one parking space reserved. Then provide two hours of free parking for electric car owners who came for charging up their cars. This system will encourage both kinds of people who live in metropolitan area whom are obsessed from stressful parking to buy electric cars, and people living in outskirts of city or other provinces to enjoy free parking experience. Similar benefits were once offered to hybrid-electric cars, and owners of them were satisfied by this small yet meticulous promotion of environment-friendly vehicles. Battery electric vehicles should also quickly receive support from government of saving these small expenditures to increase satisfaction of electric car ownership and to publicize it. World is changing faster than what we have expected over the years, and developed nations such as United States and EU implementing strong policies to rapidly change into electric-car-infested world. Most car manufacturers already released their visions to swap their whole range of internal combustion engined cars into fully electrified battery electric vehicles until 2030 or 2035. It is now time for Korea to keep pace with those advanced countries to save our planet, and both government and our citizens should pay attention considering this issue seriously. Electric cars might give us some little amount of discomfort, but that’s not intolerable.Climate problems are changing our citizen’s lives and further influencing cosmopolitan culture, and most of them are hard to withstand. Tolerance of small inconveniences can make everyone smile at last.
Kicker: OPINION (MEME) Memes as a Double-edged Sword The Age of Meme, A New Digital Trend Code By Sol-Hyang Park, Reporter firstname.lastname@example.org It is the heyday of ‘Meme.’ Memes made through YouTube and various online communities, such as “Rollin Rollin," “Sadala," "One Kkang a day,” are not just entertainment, but are also influencing offline business trends. Memes, which used to belong to a non-mainstream culture enjoyed by a small number of netizens who enjoyed social activities online, are now new digital trend code that anyone can easily enjoy and follow through SNS. Origin of Memes “Internet meme” or “meme” is a secondary creation or parody that spread from the Internet to the community or social networking. Originally, it was derived from the academic term "meme" first proposed by zoologist Richard Dawkins in his 1976 book "The Selfish Gene.” In the book, meme meant "spiritual reasons such as religion, ideas, and ideologies that have been reproduced and passed on throughout generations," just like human genes. This has been expanded to the meaning "a cultural element in a work that is parody, modulated, and spread" to call for a new spreading culture that has exploded since the Internet was distributed in the early 2000s. Particularly, people in English-speaking communities have used this word to refer to the essential things used in chatting and UCC activities, which also became widely used among netizens in Korea. In addition, we call a person who produces or distributes memes as a "memer". Examples of Memes Meme encompasses every word, photo, video, song, action, etc. Anything that is easy to remember or addictive on the Internet is likely to become a meme. We can also call the social and cultural phenomena or buzzwords that were popular in the past before the word meme appeared, as memes. Memes by Period in Korea As for examples of Korean memes in the early 2000s, there are "You go, Hawai (a famous line from the movie “Friend”)," The Fruit of Love (Community Fund Badge), and Ulzzang Culture (developed with the advent of Cyworld)." Also, in the 2010s, there were memes such as smartphone, Facebook, greenlight (used in the TV program "Witch Hunt"), and juice spilling memes (a scene from the drama "I Must Have Loved You"). In the 2020s, there are memes such as social distancing (corona influence), Rollin (music of Brave Girls), and Money Games (web entertainment show based on a Naver webtoon "Money Game"). In particular, since 2020 affected by the Corona pandemic, many more Internet memes have been created as Internet usage has increased relatively. In fact, the concept of memes was introduced to the public in Korea relatively recently, since singer Rain's "Gang" memes. At that time, Rain's song “Gang” became popular again in 2020 through MBC's "Hang out with Yoo.” The process of re-rising and the derivative words such as “1 kang a day” could not be explained without using the concept of the meme, and Rain himself used the word meme. Previously, people used words such as “drip” much more than “meme”. There also can be a worldwide meme. For example, with the development of the Internet, people began to use "memes(funny pictures with texts)" frequently in the community. It is called “meme” in English, and 'jjal' in Korea. People are using a lot of humorous memes that intuitively express feelings or situations that cannot be explained by text alone. As such, meme is a pop culture beyond languages. Meme Marketing Many companies also focus on this meme phenomenon, and apply it to their marketing, which is called meme marketing. They organize promotional strategies with meme elements that are talked about and parodied in many Internet communities and social media. This kind of meme marketing has much greater ripple effect than normal advertising, thanks to the meme's own characteristics. This is because if consumers think it is funny, they will share and distribute themselves, even reprocessing them to create another meme. Thanks to the meme, it has a strong promotional effect without spending too much money. Of course, not all meme marketing succeeds. The meme trend can already have cooled down, so proper timing and witty planning would be important. An example of effective meme marketing is Burger King's "All Day King" ad, which parodies scenes from the SBS drama "The Age of Wildlings" in 2003.Actor Kim Young-chul, who played a role in the drama, negotiated the price of a hamburger saying "4 $.” This ad is a parody of the scene in which he negotiates with the U.S. military in the drama. Originally, this scene was used as a meme, and steadily became popular. Based on this humor code that netizens have long loved, Burger King successfully delivered the message of the best quality hamburgers at the cheapest price with humor. It is said that after the ad, the average sales of each store rose more than 70% . On the contrary, there are cases where a company used meme contents without permission, so obsessed with memes, in the end, rather worsened their brand image. In July last year, CJ Food's "Hatban" was blamed for unauthorized use of singer Sunmi's contents. Hatban promoted black rice with a post on Instagram using the signature pose of Sunmi's song "Purple Night." They also mentioned her in promotional comments. The problem was that Sunmi was not their promotional model, and they did not ask for permission from the original author in advance. As many people criticized the lack of copyright awareness, they finally made an apology that they acknowledged their faults, and deeply regretted. Memes as a Double-edged sword Memes give light fun to many people's daily lives and are even used in corporate marketing. For young MZ generation, it is an essential digital communication code, leading the trend. However, memes can be a dangerous weapon. Like was mentioned, focusing only on the fun and ripple power of memes can make unethical mistakes such as violating copyright or human rights. Since there is a strong tendency to make anything funny, memers can abuse other people's works without permission, or ridicule others. A lot of memes pour out in just one day, and many memers are still looking for the object of memes. If this phenomenon continues, it can be overshadowed by fun and forget the basic things to keep. Moreover, memes are propagated and distributed very quickly, so even if we try to correct them later, there would be no turning back after they have already become memes. Meme culture is now a new channel of communication, and also a vital part of people’s lives exhausted from Corona. Fun things that were overlooked in the past are rediscovered, entertaining people in many ways.However, the power of memes is so strong that memers may make irreversible mistakes. So we will always have to make memes and enjoy them in due degree!
Kicker: OPINION (MOBILE PHONES) The Only Mobile Phone Company in Korea: Samsung by Yoo-Jung Kim, Editor-In-Chief/ Eun-Jea Choi, Reporter email@example.com/Welvoeeun123@naver.com LG Electronics recently closed its mobile phone business. In 1990, the company closed its first mobile phone business 26 years after entering the market. LG's business ended with a bad result of accumulated deficit of 5 trillion won for its mobile phone business. There are many reasons why LG's mobile phone business failed. Among many reasons, LG is trying to focus on the reason why it failed to meet the needs of the MZ generation. Let's find out the types and functions of mobile phones favored by the MZ generation and the trends of the mobile market through the strongest Samsung in mobile phone business. History of the LG Smart Phone Business The early LG mobile phone market ranked third in the world market. LG was booming in the mobile phone market from 1995 to 2014. In particular, the G3 model sold 10 million units in 2014. Unfortunately, there has been a deficit since 2015. There are various reasons for LG Smartphone's business failure and deficit. Causes of Failure in the LG Smart Phone Business The first reason is that the success of feature phones has slowed the development of smartphone markets. Other companies started their smartphone business early in the period when they were successful as feature phones. Many experts say that LG chose to enjoy the success of the feature phone a little more than to move quickly in the times. The second reason is that LG missed the consumers’ needs due to our tenacity to unique models. LG has been trying various types of fresh products such as modular Smartphone G5 and dual-screen Smartphone. In this regard, it has helped develop Korean smartphone technology, but it has been shown that it was far from consumers. Many say that LG's attempts have undermined its competitiveness in the smartphone market. Lastly, LG has fallen behind in competition for preference of Smartphones from consumers. Homogeneity has a big impact in Korea. As more consumers from Samsung and Apple among the majority of consumers, LG mobile phone consumers continued to be shaken. In fact, LG accounted for 5% of the smartphone brand preference of people in their 20s, which includes many students from Sangmyung University and affects the smartphone business. <2019 Smartphone Brand Preference Survey Results> Results from the Stop of the LG Smart Phone Business There are a lot of things affected by the stop of LG's mobile phone business. First of all, some 3,700 smartphone workers related to LG's mobile phone business were moved to other headquarters*, and office workers are expected to be relocated before July 31st, when the business will end. In addition to employees, the impact on consumers is also a very large part. Although it will stop its business, it said that AS service will continue for 4 years. However, it can be difficult to get related mobile phone parts, and the price of a second-hand* phone can drop significantly or make it difficult to sell, and thiscan have a negative affect on consumers. On the other hand, there are parts that have a good influence. The stock market is taking a very positive stance because it can shake off losses in LG's mobile phone business and increase profits. These advantages also exist for competitors because Samsung and Apple do not have to be competitive and can reduce the benefits they originally gave to consumers. <LG Electronics Stock Price Rise Graph> *headquarer: an organization are its main offices. *second-hand: things are not new and have been owned by someone else. Samsung's Monopoly Era? Experts estimate that the monopoly* of Samsung's mobile phone era will begin. This is because existing LG cell phone users are likely to move on to Samsung phones with the most similar smart phone structure and are not expected to change to the Apple system because they are domestic brands. However, it is difficult to conclude because the younger generation uses Apple's iPhone a lot. However, many speculate that Samsung's era in the mobile industry will open as Samsung Electronics has recently been rapidly absorbing LG Electronics' loyal customers and Samsung Electronics is launching a large-scale used phone compensation program. According to the mobile telecommunications industry, about 80% of LG Electronics' V50 used phone price guarantee program subscribers chose the latest Galaxy smartphone, and Samsung's share in the domestic mobile market stood at 65% and 13% last year. In response, LG is planning to focus on future businesses such as automobiles and robots, as mobile workers are the core of developing 6G mobile telecommunication and cameras. <Share of Smartphone markets in South Korea in 2020> *monopoly: If a company, person, or state has a monopoly on something such as an industry, they have complete control over it, so that it is impossible for others to become involved in it. The shutting down of LG's mobile phone business does not just mean the end of the business. As mentioned before, it can have a big impact among consumers and various businesses and people, and it is a part where we can look forward to the future business trends that LG Electronics is pursuing in the future. Due to the U.S.-China trade dispute, the smartphone competition between Apple and Samsung, excluding Huawei, will be overheated, and people's choices are also unpredictable. Therefore, for the development of domestic companies, the psychology and preferences of mobile phone consumers should be well understood, and companies should develop various future businesses as well as mobile businesses to actively realize the domestic industry.
Kicker: OPINION Stimulus Check: The Double-edged Sword of the Pandemic Era by Nam-HoYun, Reporter firstname.lastname@example.org Since May of 2020, the government had given stimulus check to the people for 3 times. Politicians are discussing about the 4th stimulus check for selected people. Some say that it is a bait to get more votes by giving people money, while some say it is the best way to help out people who got hit hard by the global pandemic. As more and more people are opening their eyes to this idea, arguments surrounding the stimulus check seem to be unavoidable. Will it be a gift box everyone desperately needs or a Pandora’s Box that will bring us new conflicts and problems? Supporters: “Stimulus Check is Not an Option” No one is safe from the global pandemic yet. At the same time, it is hurting the vast majority of people both mentally and financially. That is why the supporters believe that the government should actively intervene and help their citizens. As of May 10, during the first stimulus check period, the Korean government had spent 2.2% of its GDP. Japan had spent 22%, 13% for the U.S, and 12% for the Swedish government. Plus, as of the third quarter last year, Korea’s national debt was 45.9% compared to GDP, while the average of advanced countries was 131.4%. The U.S was 127.2%, Japan was 257.2%, and the U.K was 130.1%. Korea’s national debt ratio was even lower than China with 63%. The lower the percentage is,the more the government can unpack their money to aid people. Lastly, there are many people who need financial support. The rate of self-employment in Korea was a quarter of the total employment in 2014, and it kept going up. However, the number of self-employed is decreasing. Most of them are in debt. They are in need of money and support. Supporters firmly believe that the government should step in and give stimulus checks. <Monthly self-employment rate in 2020> Opposers: “Stimulus Check is Just a Mirage” Opposers do not think it has a positive effect. They believe it creates other problems. First, household debt is increasing in spite of stimulus checks. According to the Institution of International Finance, in the third quarter of last year, Korea had 100.6% household debt ratio compared to GDP. The average of advanced countries was 78%; the U.S. was 81.2%. In other words, more and more people are carrying their increasing debt on their back. Second, the way the government selects who they are going to support is vague. For instance, the self-employed person who had more than 5 employers could not get the third stimulus check last year. Likewise, people who opened up a store after November of 2019 were excluded. There was an irony going on among the people who needed the check, but could not. Finally, opposers say that it makes people more divided. The first stimulus check was for every citizen. The second and the third one were for certain people like self-employed. Some criticize the amount of money (3 million Won for businesses that were banned, 2 million Won for businesses that were under restrictions) they gave to the owners. Owners who had more than 2 businesses could only get one stimulus check. Without more precision and study, stimulus check will not stimulate people and the economy. You have to keep in mind that there are studies and documents that are significantly different. Some experts suggest positive effects of the stimulus check while some say the opposite. While there will be arguments regarding the next stimulus check, people have to realize the problems others are facing right now. We, as a society should find our way out even though it is not in the form of a stimulus check. Sources: https://m.hankookilbo.com/News/Read/A2020072011120001650?dtype=1&dtypecode=dfb5b563-203b-4096-b614 d30cd0377c1f&did=ZU&prnewsid=A2020072014250002836 https://biz.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2021/01/11/2021011102359.html
Kicker: OPINION (TECHNOLOGY) AI Translator, One Tool for International Exchanges By Eugene Ha, Reporter email@example.com When did we start using the translator? What is the purpose of using a translator? Do you know the power of cute little translators? Do you know what role the translator has played and changed from the past to the present? How about the accuracy? Is the translator we are using now perfect? I don't think so. Google Translator and Papago, which we use a lot, are not always perfect. What is the reason? Let's find out why. Every student may have used a translator once while preparing for a task or exam. The purpose we use will be studying. Then, what role does the translator play for travelers who travel to unfamiliar places? Translators will be used as a means of communication to live in the destination. In situations where a person in an important position on the international stage has to speak or understand an unfamiliar language, a translator will be a means of business-critical exchanges. Like this, the translator plays many roles in our lives and stays with us in various forms. There are two major translators that college students use the most. Google Translator and Naver Translator Papago. Let's take a look at the two by comparing them. Google Translator - It is a Google translation that is being serviced by Google. Google Translation is growing day by day. However, expressions full of characteristics in one language are still difficult to interpret mechanical and cultural languages. - When you need to translate or use a local language, you need a professional English writer. - Google translates documents. In addition to Word documents in doc and docw, all documents with letters such as txt, ppt, xls, and xlsx are supported. It even supports pdf. - Recently, Google has added new features. Google Translate app provides real-time continuous translation functionality. It is a function that stores voice as text in real time and shows text translated in real time without any delay in processing. It is a new feature that even if several sentences continue, it translates and provides everything as it is. Therefore, it seems to be a useful function when listening to lectures or speeches in foreign languages. Google Translator Papago Translator - Google Translation has had a lot of difficulties in translating Korean for 10 years, but on the other hand, it is possible to express a simple living language for a new service. - Knows how Korean users feel. And it's convenient for travel. - It is convenient because it is directly connected to the word dictionary and the meaning can be found immediately. - It understands Naver user's mind well. It also translates websites. Papago Translator Both services have really improved the quality of translation these days. Artificial intelligence seems to improve the quality of translation over time. However, there is still something lacking. Let's take a look at all the errors and limitations. - Translators vary by language depending on the translation sentence, and sometimes the meaning and words used in context are different. - It seems difficult to classify the words and sentences used to communicate with each other and the words and sentences. - Translators are not perfect by themselves yet, and we have to modify them and make them perfect. - Because they do not know the languages and cultures of various nationalities, information is translated only from the lines known by artificial intelligence. So sometimes random words appear. - In order to get closer to a more complete tool to mitigate these limitations and errors, we should think about what functions and evolution the translator should have in the future. Translators are now developing day by day as very useful tools for communicating, interacting, and learning in a global society. I hope we can be reborn using these better tools, more perfect tools for communication and exchange in a global society.
Kicker: OPINION (CULTURAL LIFE) What Do You Do When You Play at Home? Enjoy Online Cultural Life! By Eugene Ha, Reporter firstname.lastname@example.org For almost a year, Covid 19 has given us more time to spend at home practicing social distance. Naturally, people began to enjoy various hobbies and cultural activities at home. According to this desire, there are many programs and services that can be enjoyed online. Art cultural activities such as plays, movies, musicals, and concerts, which are available outside, were also easy to enjoy at home, and applications have been launched. How good would it be to enjoy a fun and meaningful cultural life during our boring daily life? I would like to introduce sites and applications that we can use in a useful way. What kind of cultural life can we enjoy at home? Smart training & experience content 1. E Museum (National Museum of Korea) We can see cultural heritages in museums and art galleries across the country at once online.Each country, collection agency, and material are classified according to the excavated area, so beautiful art collections can be viewed through various photos and videos. 2. Cultural Heritage Channel (Cultural Heritage Administration) There is beneficial information about cultural heritage which can be seen through videos. It is divided into cultural assets, ages, and regions, and you can see not only photos but also videos, real-time broadcasting and programs. Now that we cannot go on a trip not only abroad but also in Korea due to Corona, we can have time to heal our eyes and minds as we can see the representative cultural assets and monuments of the places we want to visit in real life. 3. Online Museum of Art (National Museum of Contemporary Art) You can enjoy everything in the museum through video, including exhibition commentary and interviews with artists.It has prepared contents that can be seen by all children, teenagers, adults, etc., and you can enjoy it at home as if you actually visited an art museum in various ways such as art, art exhibition commentary, voice commentary, and online screening. This site is also widely used as a learning video site. Cultural life contents and performances 1. Online performance (Arts Center) Youtube Art performances performed at the Seoul Arts Center by date can be seen briefly. You can enjoy various genres such as classical music, musical, ballet, and theater through the YouTube channel. 2. Humanities and Arts Concert Today (Humanities 360) A talk concert that examines our lives from a humanistic perspective. Physical education content for home training 1. Zipcock Movement (National Sports Promotion Foundation) Let's get over Corona 19 and stay healthy by home exercise. This is officially made for people's health imaging. You can watch it on YouTube. There are many good ways to exercise at home that you can easily find on YouTube. It is good for us to use cell phones for entertainment, but it would be good to exercise and use them to make our body healthy. 2. National Physical Fitness 100 (National Sports Promotion Foundation) You can see a video clip of exercise aimed at making people 100% healthy with 100 physical strengths. In addition, meeting sites such as Zoom and Webex are used to meet people online, talk, and share hobbies together. With the emergence of the untact culture through Corona, the number of things we can enjoy online has increased. In a way, we might have improved our quality of life. Of course, it would be very frustrating and hard not to go out of the house, but I wanted to let you know that there are a variety of hobbies, reading, exercising, and performing. Let's enjoy cultural activities and wait until we meet and interact in person!
Kicker: OPINION (PLAGIARISM) What is a Standard of Plagiarism? With Judicial Precedents and Cases By Dong-Wook Kim, Editor email@example.com Recently, there has been a doubt on school community that the fleece design is plagiarized. One of the independent school’s logo has also been a controversial topic of plagiarism which made a lot of students to be concerned, and the whole school is interested about the standard of plagiarism. However, there are only doubts about plagiarism because it is too ambiguous to confirm to say that it is copied. What is the accurate standard to confirm that one has plagiarized? Let us have a look at the judicial precedents and cases about what plagiarism is. The dictionary definition of a plagiarism is to use the other people’s creations without writing the source, so as to make the third parties recognize as if it were the plagiarist’s work. Partially using another person’s work or in a whole, modifying the other's creations, abusing the other person’s thoughts can be called plagiarism if done without mentioning sources. Plagiarism is sometimes confused with copyright infringement. The reason why this happens is because they have an associative relation. The two concepts can come out at the same time when the person is abusing the other person’s workpiece. The difference between the two is that plagiarism is more focused on ethical concepts when the person uses another person’s work as if it is theirs. The creation can also be said to be plagiarized even when the original piece is not protected by the copyright laws. On the other hand, copyright infringement is close to legal issues, and this happens when the person uses the other person’s unauthorized creative work which is legally protected by copyright laws. Generally, plagiarism and copyright infringement often share their concepts, but at the same time, they have a separate domain for each word. No matter how creative the idea is, we cannot say that the person has infringed copyright unless the concept and the ideas are expressed specifically. This is the reason that most of the plagiarists are not punished legally. In actual cases, most of the plagiarized creations have been sued to have legal responsibilities but they ended up guilty because plagiarisms are not treated to be a copyright infringement, a criminal act. Somebody or other said that, “There is nothing new under the sun.” This implies that creating something can also mean reinterpreting an original creation. Is this a proper definition? Recently, there has been controversy on a group purchase of school fleece. The design of the fleece was the key point of the issue. One of the students who was in charge copied the former design of the fleece. Precisely, as you can see in the picture, the student imitated the design of another student’s deer logo just by drawing or deleting several lines. The representative student insisted that the original creation was a reference, but the creation looks almost the same. Furthermore, the design did not include any source even if they referred to the original, so the recreated design was sufficient to be suspected that it was plagiarized. The Former Design of the Fleece and the New One Fortunately, the plagiarized design was pointed out in the student community and the fleece was not mass produced for the group purchasers. Though the purpose of group purchase is not commercial nor profits, (not violating copyrights) the impact was enough to alarm the students of the copyright infringement. Due to the fleece incident, the alarmed student pointed out a problem of another suspicious situation. The Student Council’s logo of the design college was brought up to the school community according to its similarity to an original piece of art. As burdens get bigger, the official design college posted a written apology with some explanation about the process of making the logo. The Process of Student Council Designing their Logo The apology started from the Council planning to design their logo. According to the apology, they said, “We tried to use an image of our Council name, Are-um, meaning a bunch of beautiful flowers blooming in our hands. However, the image was too complicated to use as a logo. In order to simplify it, we tried to compose a picture of a hand and flowers so that we tried to use papers to express a lot of shapes. During this process, we searched for some original pictures to refer to our design, but the result looks quite the same as a referred picture.” Referenced Pictures that One of the Student Councils Used for the Final Logo The incident can be interpreted differently according to one’s perspective. There are some students saying that just by examining the two similar logos, it can be obvious that the Council copied the picture from the internet. The lines and colors of the two creations look quite the same. However, the Council seems to explain the precise details on how they created their logo with some pictures during the creating. They also insisted that they are aware of the copyright issues and they did not intentionally plagiarize or copy the reference. Therefore, the Council has decided not to use the logo until the end of the term. “Everyone steals in commerce and industry. I have stolen a lot, myself. But I know how to steal! They do not know how to steal.” This is a quote written by one of the most famous inventors, Thomas Edison. Is plagiarism a contribution to inventing new epoch-breaking things? Or is it just an excuse that unconscious people use? If it is the latter case, the act deserves moral criticisms. Sources: http://edu.copykiller.com/edu-source/faq/?mod=document&uid=28 https://everytime.kr/370451/v/145953087 https://everytime.kr/370451/v/145859778
Kicker: OPINION (COPYRIGHT AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY) The Confusing World of Funny Parodies and the Right of Publicity Intellectual Property Day Special Feature: Know & Protect It By Sarah Chae, Editor-in-Chief firstname.lastname@example.org, Advertisements, dramas, webtoons, novels, and YouTube video contents often gain sympathy and laughter through parodies. In the meantime, however, reckless use of parodies and unauthorized use of images are drawing criticism from consumers and original authors, too. Let's learn about the value of copyright and publishing rights so that you do not experience serious copyright problems while doing assignments, writing reports, or creating various contents after you graduate. Today among many rights, I will be talking about the Right of Publicity. Cases of Unauthorized Use of Images and Parodies Using familiar gags and memes are an easy way to make someone laugh. Plus, it is easier to just copy or imitate some popular idea rather than thinking of one on your own. This strategy is okay to use when you are joking around with your friends, but it is not okay when you are using this idea for commercial purposes and benefits. Let’s take a look at two cases which made this mistake. CASE #1: Lotte Chilsung Beverage and the GANG Parody Recently, ‘GANG’, a song of the singer Rain was a boom. If you have seen a video of the song you will know that the black cap, black clothes, the face expression, and the font in the picture below is almost the same as the image of ‘GANG’. Lotte Chilsung Beverage posted this picture of its product promotional post. However, the person in the post is not the singer himself, and the picture is a parody of the image of Rain in his GANG music video. Some consumers pointed out that doing a parody of GANG without Rain’s permission is not appropriate, and Lotte Chilsung Beverage posted an apology and deleted the post. Some consumers pointed out that doing a parody of GANG without Rain’s permission is not appropriate, and Lotte Chilsung Beverage posted an apology and deleted the post with the image above. CASE #2: The Soonpoong Clinic Parody “I will make the story, who wants to write it?” Park Mi-seon’s lines in the drama “Soonpong Clinic” (2000) came up on the surface again and went viral. Many parodies came out on the internet. This was simply funny just until companies started using it for commercials. Comedian Park lashed out against those companies and said it does not seem right to draw a caricature of the scene in the drama and use it for commercial purposes. Park Mi-seon lashes out against companies that used her image in the drama “Soonpong Clinic” (on the left) for commercial purposes(middle, right). Of course, images familiar to the consumers will attract attention. However, these two cases were a problem because these companies did not get permission for using this concept or image. It was not a collaboration and celebrities in the original images were not those commercial models. The companies above just used it for free, and this means that those celebrities did not get paid for using their image. We can say that in these two cases the company violated the celebrity’s right of publicity. What Is the Right of Publicity? Also known as personality rights, the right of publicity is an intellectual property right. It is an individual’s (celebrity’s) right to control and profit from the commercial use of their name, trademark, or their identity. This right protects the famous person from unauthorized use of their nickname, voice, signature, likeness, photograph, etc. for commercial benefits. A majority of states in the United States recognize the right of publicity by statute or case law. In some states the right of publicity is applicable to celebrities, and in other states it also applies to any individual who has publicity value. In Korea, the value of publicity rights is recognized, but there is no written law about it. Currently, when publicity rights are violated the court relies on precedents. What You Have to Do to Avoid Getting Caught Up in These Problems Anyone can get caught up in these kind of intellectual property right problems. Parodies are so fun, but we need to remember. All copyrighted works must be used after getting permission. Especially, people making contents for commercial use or for your one-man media (like YouTube) have to be careful with using a parody. If you are looking for material or ideas with none of these problems to use in your works or assignments there is a website that can help you. The Korean Copyright Commission has made a website called Shared Yard (Gongyu Madang). They have works that any member of the society can use freely. There are donated/copyright expired/free use licensed works and free open works by public institutions and more. Fonts, music/sounds, videos/images, calligraphy work, and templets for reports and assignments are available to download, so give it a visit if you are interested. Shared Yard (Gongyu Madang): https://gongu.copyright.or.kr/gongu/main/main.do September 4, 2001 is the day when ‘Jikjisimcheyojeol: Anthology of Great Buddhist Priests 'Zen Teachings’ has been registered as a UNESCO world heritage. Now, every year, September 4th is designated as Intellectual Property Day in Korea to celebrate this. The world is now a knowledge and intellectual based society. Good ideas and intellectual property like this are becoming a source of national competitiveness and this is creating new markets and values. Therefore, in order to make Korea a globally powerful place, it is important to create an environment where we can encourage the creation, protection, and utilization of intellectual property. In other words, if you want to spread your ideas and work without any problems, it is better for all of us to have awareness and have mature sense about intellectual property and copyrights. Sarah Chae, Editor-in-Chief Sources: https://gongu.copyright.or.kr/gongu/main/main.do https://m.post.naver.com/viewer/postView.nhn?volumeNo=24527750&memberNo=16862043&vType=VERTICAL https://m.post.naver.com/viewer/postView.nhn?volumeNo=28950906&memberNo=3939441&vType=VERTICAL http://www.ip-day.co.kr/p4/c1/ https://m.post.naver.com/viewer/postView.nhn?volumeNo=28950906&memberNo=3939441&vType=VERTICAL https://m.post.naver.com/viewer/postView.nhn?volumeNo=27588716&memberNo=37451778&vType=VERTICAL https://corporate.findlaw.com/litigation-disputes/right-of-publicity.html https://terms.naver.com/entry.nhn?docId=935032&cid=43667&categoryId=43667 https://www.inta.org/topics/right-of-publicity/ https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2351667415000104 https://www.fnnews.com/news/201903051643599897 http://news.heraldcorp.com/view.php?ud=20190802000184 https://terms.naver.com/entry.nhn?docId=3331102&cid=42192&categoryId=56846 https://biz.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2020/05/22/2020052202914.html?utm_source=naver&utm_medium=original&utm_campaign=biz http://news.kmib.co.kr/article/view.asp?arcid=0012736705&code=61181111&cp=nv